An analysis of the Swach Bharat ( Gramin) Odisha budget was done by the centre.
1. To examine the trends of budget allocation and spending under the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation since inception.
2. To see the shift in the budgetary patterns from drinking water – sanitation- drinking water.
3. To examine the allocations and expenditure patterns of Odisha in drinking water and sanitation.
A sample of 11 districts was chosen for the analysis. It was based on the twin factors of geographical location of the district and its performance in the programmes of water and sanitation.
Allocation increased; spending decreased? Though substantial money was allocated to the states for sanitation related programmes, a lot remained unspent. The reason cited is “delay in the release of funds from the Centre” . In FY 2013-14, 30% of funds got released only in the last month (February- march); resulting in under expenditure, with states being able to spend only 45% of the funds. Upto February 2015, as little as 35% of the money provisioned for sanitation was utilised by state governments.
In FY 2014-15, till February 2015, as little as 33% of the approved fund was disbursed by GOI and consolidated at the block, district and state level. Annual Implementation Plans see their final sanction by the National Scheme Sanctioning Committee of the MoDWS. The funds get released based on approvals.
|Sl||Name of district||Total HHs (BLS 2012)||No of HHs not having toilet during BLS 2012||% HHs not having toilets in 2012|
1. The districts of Angul and Balasore have shown the most substantial changes in HH toilets, with Balasore being the first district of Odisha with more than 50% coverage in toilets.
2. Balasore district has shown improvement in all fronts, IHHL, School toilets, IEC material.
3. The two southern districts of Koraput and Malkangiri lag behind and continue to have 90% homes not covered by toilets.
4. Very low emphasis has been paid on school toilets, even t
5. hough 21% of schools remain without toilets in the state. Except Balasore and Kalahandi district, no other district has spent any funds on this head.
6. No district has spent funds on Anganwadi toilets, though 48% Anganwadis in the state remain without toilets.
7. Except for the districts of Balasore and Deogarh no noteworthy IEC spending is seen in any of the districts, including Koraput, Malkangiri with low IHHL coverage.